Minimum Equipment List Template

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Aviation represents one of the greatest steps forward in modern society. Airplanes can transport people and cargo thousands of miles in a fraction of the time it takes for buses, trucks, ships, or trains. Reliable aviation requires aircraft that have been inspected and approved to complete flights safely. Airplanes are made of many parts that work together for normal, safe operation. Imagine if one or more components failed before or during a flight. Without redundancy in the design and operation of planes, one malfunctioning part could result in disaster.

Focusing on an Aircraft Minimum Equipment List

Redundancy in design generally means that failure or malfunction of one component doesn’t mean instant failure of the entire system. In various design applications, redundancy is accounted for using backup components. One example of this might be a backup generator that kicks in when power is lost to a machine. In aviation, one example of redundancy involves equipment, instruments, or onboard systems that can be inoperative for a specific aircraft for a specific flight. This is what is known as an aircraft minimum equipment list.

Airworthiness quantifies a plane or other aircraft’s suitability for completing a flight safely. Items on a minimum equipment list are those that are inoperative without compromising the aircraft’s airworthiness. Equipment and parts that aren’t on the MEL must be fully functional for flight. Even if a plane that is scheduled to fly has nonfunctional equipment, the flight can proceed if the equipment is listed on the FAA minimum equipment list.

The MEL should not be confused with a list of aircraft required equipment, which might include components that don’t affect airworthiness, such as passenger comfort items. It is also distinct from an aircraft safety equipment list, which includes personal flotation devices and emergency equipment unrelated to airworthiness. MEL aviation isn’t about cutting corners to complete a flight, but it does allow an operator to postpone or defer maintenance of equipment, avoiding loss of revenue or passenger discomfort.

Examining the Difference Between MELs and MMELs

When discussing minimum equipment lists, there are generally two types:

  • Master Minimum Equipment List: This is a list of parts that may be inoperative for a flight, according to the manufacturer of the aircraft.
  • Minimum Equipment List: This is a list of parts that an operator defers for future maintenance for a particular flight.

The MMEL is generally less restrictive and serves as a basis for the MEL. An operator may have additional criteria or stipulations that make the aircraft minimum equipment list more limited.  In order to use an MEL, aircraft manufacturers and operators must be authorized by the Federal Aviation Administration in the United States or similar agencies in other countries, such as the European Aviation Safety Agency.

Detailing a Minimum Equipment List

When it comes to the MEL, one of the most important pieces of information is the deferment or the time period that a part needs to be brought back into service, usually quantified in days. This is the repair interval and it’s categorized according to length:

  • Repair Interval A: Unspecified repair period, or listed on the specific MEL page for a part
  • Repair Interval B: Part to be repaired within 3 consecutive days
  • Repair Interval C: Part to be repaired within 10 consecutive days
  • Repair Interval D: Part to be repaired within 120 consecutive days

The MEL should also indicate which equipment needs maintenance actions and which equipment needs operational actions. They are marked with an (m) and (o) respectively. Some equipment may require both types of actions and should be marked with both “(m)(o).”

A sample MEL will also indicate the particular part and an alphanumeric ID of some sort. For each component on the MEL, a basic MEL will include:

  • Repair interval
  • The number of total parts installed on the aircraft
  • The number of total parts required (which should be less than the total parts installed, establishing redundancy)
  • Placard status indicating whether the part has been labeled or tagged inoperative
  • Type of action needed to bring the part back into use (maintenance, operational, or both)
  • List of conditions to be met for the part to be inoperative during flight

Going Digital With Fluix

Paper files can be subject to loss or destruction. A digital version of this list can be generated quickly and consistently and routed to all necessary parties instantly using the internet. Digital forms can be checked against an MMEL or other regulatory codes for compliance and other errors. Any processes or workflows involving MEL document control and management can also be automated with the right platform.

Fluix is your solution for the digital management of an aircraft minimum equipment list. It is a powerful yet lightweight platform that can help you improve your processes related to MELs. This cloud-based platform works on mobile devices, making it ideal for airside and landside operations at airports and hangars. With powerful features such as electronic signing, form creation, and automation, your MEL processes can truly take flight. Learn more with a 14-day, no-obligation trial that doesn’t require a credit card today.

What Are the Sections on a Bill of Lading Example?

Bills of lading usually contain several standard sections. The other fields on a BoL form PDF can vary based on the method of shipping and the type of bill. Most bills contain the following sections:

  • Contact: A bill of lading usually includes the names and addresses of the shipper, carrier and consignee. Some forms only account for specific stages in the shipping process.
  • Order: Clearly indicate the items in a purchase order on a bill of lading. This document should include cargo types, quantities and unit measurements.
  • Shipping: Many bills of lading include carrier contact information and freight charge terms. Based on the type of bill, shipping information can include the shipper, freight carrier, delivery company or consignee.
  • Instructions: Shippers can include special instructions for handling cargo in a bill of lading. Freight carriers and delivery companies could have different requirements.
  • Signatures: Some bills of lading require signatures to notate transfers during shipping. An open bill is negotiable and the signature of a consignee can transfer title.

A carrier or consignee should not receive an incomplete bill of lading. The form filling capabilities of Fluix can check forms for completeness prior to submission. A digital workflow automation solution can also generate calculations and append relevant documentation.

What Are the Benefits of a Digital Bill of Lading?

Filling out and transmitting digital bills of lading is faster and more secure than using paper bills. The form building capabilities of Fluix and the availability of templates can help shippers generate and modify suitable bills of lading.

Digital bills of lading can be quickly and securely transmitted, whereas paper bills must be sent by courier. Electronic bills can also generate audit trails by requiring authorized agents or consignees to provide e-signatures or enter secure PINs.

The International Group of Protection and Indemnity Clubs recommends the use of electronic bills of lading. These non-governmental and non-profit associations of ship owners, operators and charterers assess risk to provide marine insurance. Digital bills lower the risk of forgery and speed up the shipment and release of goods.

How Can Fluix Streamline the Bill of Lading Process?

Fluix is a workflow management and automation platform that facilitates the distribution, completion and approval of forms. This solution empowers shippers to customize documentation and ensure that bills of lading accompany cargo or merchandise.

Fluix has the resources shippers need to use digital bills of lading as internal controls and legal documents. Request a free trial to find out how Fluix streamlines inland and international shipping.

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