Ground operations checklists can cover all flight services performed on the ground. Specialized checklists for different types of services, such as ramp or passenger service, provide particular aviation staff with guidance geared toward increasing observation of safety standards or promoting customer satisfaction.
Several general measures fall under the category of ground operations. Based on the needs of an aviation enterprise, these tasks and processes can be covered in a full ground operations checklist or on sub-checklists pertaining to specific systems or services. Here are a few departure preparation measures that an enterprise could include on either general or specific ground operations checklists:
- Maneuvering: Checklists can guide ground personnel through landing and marshaling procedures to prevent collisions and account for jet efflux.
- Loading: Baggage, cargo or freight loading checklists can also ensure proper loading of aircraft and handling of dangerous goods.
- Fueling: Fueling is an essential part of ground operations that must be done in accordance with safety standards to prevent spills and fires.
- De-icing: Aircraft ground or engine core and fan de-icing may be necessary safety measures in preparation for takeoff.
Each of these processes involves a number of tasks. Granular checklists can account for all of the individual elements that go into each of these measures, while broader lists can compile ground service checks and indicate which processes are complete and which measures still need to be done prior to takeoff. Decision-makers should determine which approach to checklists is more likely to encourage aviation employees to consistently prioritize safety and regulatory compliance.