A good pre flight inspection should be clear and easy to understand. It should encompass
the plane’s major systems and parts while clearly stating what action you should take to check each part.
Different checklists may be different for specific aircraft, so it’s important to refer to your pilot’s
operating handbook when creating or following pre flight procedures. Here is a generic preflight checklist that
works for most types of aircraft.
Cabin check: Check switches and fuel selector valve, make sure documents are in order, remove
the control lock, and check the fuel quantity indicator and flaps.
Wing check: Visually inspect both wings, free and secure the flaps and ailerons, check the
main wheel tire and brake, inspect the lights and wingtip, and make sure the fuel filler cap is secure.
Empennage check: Inspect the empennage surface and baggage door, free and secure the rudder
and elevator, secure the horizontal stabilizer, check the lights and antenna, and disconnect the tail
Nose check: Check the landing light, nose strut, prop, engine oil, and static port. Sample
the strainer drain and clear the air filter as needed.
After following your checklist, perform a final walk-around to visually inspect the body
of the plane. Look for visible signs of damage that might indicate the aircraft is not suitable for flight.